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Adelaide, Adelaide City Council, South Australia, 5000, Australia (-34.92818 138.59993)
South Australia was officially established as a British Province in England in February 1836. The first Governor proclaimed the commencement of colonial government in South Australia on 28 December 1836, near The Old Gum Tree in what is now the suburb of Glenelg North. The event is commemorated in South Australia as Proclamation Day. The site of the colony's capital was surveyed and laid out by Colonel William Light, the first Surveyor-General of South Australia, with his own original, unique, topographically sensitive design. Claims of the design being by the architect George Strickland Kingston have been thoroughly debunked. The city was named after Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, queen consort to King William IV at the time.